Moisture damage is a severe problem in sea transports. Ships and machines corrode, transported goods, as food must be discarded. Now, there is a remedy to reduce to a great extent cassation and maintenance costs. Several shipping lines can account for very good results after years of experience.
The product used is a microporous coating with good insulation capacity and a good capacity to adsorb water. The most important property of the coating is that water evaporates from the microporous surface considerably quicker than from a metal or painted surface.
An application of 1.5 mm of the coating enables it to store 1 litre of water per square metre, which then evaporates quickly.
The coating is marketed under the name of KefaTherm and can now be found in Norwegian fishing boats, in Australian and Swedish submarines, in Russian ice-breakers, in frigates and cargo ships and in thousands of sea containers.
Some reference objects:
Kristian Gerhard Jebsen Skipsrederi uses KefaTherm in its bulk carriers for pulp transports. At loading and unloading the pulp emits so much moisture that condensation in the roof of the cargo space can drip down and destroy the cargo. An application of 2 mm of KefaTherm is enough to prevent this. When the ship is loaded and the hatches closed humidifiers can be set to work and the KefaTherm layer then evaporates the accumulated water in the form of vapour.
The first series of 3 bulk carriers was built in 1990/91 and when a new series was going to be built in 1999 the experience was so good that it was a matter of course to use KefaTherm in the new ships.
Lower maintenance costs
Rogaland Trafikkselskap built a series of ferries in 1992 in Norway. All spaces exposed to moisture and condensation – the entrance to car decks, the dry tanks, the trust rooms – were treated with KefaTherm.
At the 5-year-inspection, none of the treated surfaces had needed repainting or other maintenance. That is still the case after 7 years. Recently three ferries were delivered from Poland, all with KefaTherm application. The reduced maintenance cost was the main reason for the treatment.
- We are not surprised, says Jarl-Erik Rollén, managing director of Kefa Hightech AB, the producer of KefaTherm. We have made a very tough test in a salt-mist chamber and that test shows that KefaTherm improves the corrosion resistance considerably.
Coffee, cocoa, tea and other groceries are often damaged by moisture during sea transport. Hapag Lloyd has solved this problem by treating the roofs of their ventilated containers. This is advantageous to placing hygroscopic material in the container, as the KefaTherm treatment is once-for-all. It does not have to be changed or reconditioned after each transport. The container just needs to be opened for some hours to be ready to be used again. As a rule, it is enough to open the container during unloading and loading.
Off shore-containers used by the oil industry in the North Sea are troubled by condensation on the un-insulated steel surfaces. The weakest areas are the roofs. A leasing company has treated a number of provision- and work shop- containers. The experience so far is very good. The application job is a very simple operation and KefaTherm gives a bright and dry surface that will last as long as the containers are in use.
Improved insulation in fishing-boats
Fishing-boats operating in or near arctic waters have problems with condensation freezing in the insulation material. It has happened that the insulation has fallen down because of the weight of the ice. Many fishing-boats have solved the problem by applying a KefaTherm layer to the hull under the insulation. A layer of 2 mm can keep close to 1.5 litres of water per square metre. KefaTherm is not damaged if the water freezes.
During the condensation period KefaTherm adsorbs the water and keeps it confined until the surface temperature goes above the dew point. In this way, KefaTherm is taking over a great deal of the moisture load from the insulation, which diminishes the risk for damages while retaining the insulating qualities.
- One coat system
- Prevents condensation
- Absorbs and holds up to 535 ml per square meter.
- Environmentally friendly
- Water based
- 80% volume solids
- V.O.C., 15 g/L
- Has an A2 and a B1 Fire Classification
- Excellent insulation properties
- Noise damping
- Hojas de datos KefaTherm
- Provides also vibration and acoustic damping when applied as a thick layer.
- Complies with the requirements of EN13501-1, class A2-s1d0 and ASTM E84 (USA).
- Resistant against fire and spreading of flames.
- The product has MED (Marine Equipment Directive) certificate no MED-B-8648 and is thus accepted for painting surfaces inside the ships.